The ARG Quarra 10100 is a PTP-Smart Ethernet switch for use in Audio-over-IP and Video-over-IP networks.
The 10100 is a ten port switch fitted with 8 RJ45 Ethernet ports and 2 SFP ports that can be optionally fitted with fibre-optic or RJ45 Ethernet SFP transceiver modules.
There are two versions of the Quarra 10100. A 1U rackmounting version that also benefits from dual-redundant power supplies and desktop version.
Precision Time Protocol (PTP) is the technology that synchronises all systems and devices in audio, video and media IP networks.
The ARG Quarra network switches are the first of a new generation of PTP-Smart switches that guarantee the best possible quality, resilience and durability of sync and timing in broadcasting and media IP networks.
Quarra switches incorporate the standard functionality of a carrier-grade Layer 2 and Layer 3 Managed Switches including Quality of Service (QoS) and IGMP multicast management services that are crucial to media network operation.
- Dedicated PTP-Smart hardware and processing
- Guaranteed best network sync and timing performance for PTPv2 Audio-over-IP protocols such as AES67, Ravenna and Livewire
- Up to 100-fold improvement in jitter performance compared with standard Managed Switch technology
- Improved clock and sync stability in systems with mixed network and legacy video and audio sync references
- Consistent sync performance regardless of network size and complexity
- Improved immunity from PTP sync data buffering and latency due to heavy network traffic
- Tighter sync performance allows for reduced input and output buffer sizes, reducing signal latency and roundtrip times for improvements in, for example:
– On-air or comms conversation fluency
– Musical performers’ timing
- Greater flexibility in network topology without compromise to sync performance
- Reduced workload for Network GrandMaster devices
- Facilitates common Dante and AES67 networks
- Optional GPS lock synchronises multiple sites or systems independent of distance and network inter-connection stability
- Carrier Grade switch platform with dual-redundant power supplies in the rackmount version
Most professional media network standards for audio and video employ the Precision Time Protocol (PTP/IEEE1588) time and sync protocol to synchronise all devices across the network. However, mission critical broadcast, production, safety and live network systems require specialist PTP-Smart network switches for correct PTP timing and sync data handling, which results in the best possible sync accuracy and optimum network and system performance, stability and capacity.
This is especially important as high-res video streams and increasing audio channel counts test network capacity and where crucial roundtrip timing is important for monitoring or musical timing.
Inherent variations in network traffic transit times across the network result in increasing levels of jitter at each and every slave in the system, which require extended input and output buffer delays to prevent signal distortion and corruption due to missed or repeated samples.
Real-world symptoms of not paying sufficient attention to reducing these timing variations are many and various, but include restricted network capacity, distorted or corrupted signal streams, delay problems for performers’ or contributors’ monitoring, slack musical timing etc. etc.
A simple and easy to implement solution that reduces these variations to theoretical minimums is the inclusion of ARG PTP-Smart switches.
The ARG Quarra switches provide the essential Quality-of-Service (QoS) and IGMP multicast management to extract the best sync and network performance for all audio-over-IP protocols, including Audinate Dante, AES67, Ravenna and Livewire.
For the PTPv2 protocols such as AES67, Ravenna and Livewire in the audio world and SMPTE 2110 or SMPTE2022 in the video domain, the ARG PTP-Smart switches add a further three PTP-Smart strategies for the most effective reduction in timing variations and jitter– Boundary, Transparent End-to-End (E2E) and Transparent Peer-to-Peer (P2P) clocks that each deliver a further improvement in sync and timing performance.
In Boundary Clock mode, the switch itself undertakes a single PTP conversation with the network GrandMaster to which it slaves and then holds individual and local Master-to-Slave conversations with each connected slave device and any further downstream switches.
For Transparent E2E clocks, the Quarra PTP-Smart facilities employ dedicated additional hardware and processing within the switch that reads and updates the PTP packet data at the IO ports to correct for the inevitable variations in transit time through the switch due to other network traffic.
For networks that employ exclusively PTP-Smart switches, Transparent P2P adds further sync “connections” which derive tighter sync performance with other “network adjacent” devices.
Adopting a PTP-Smart strategy with ARG switches delivers significant improvements in sync performance and accuracy with consequential improvements to signal quality and network capacity, stability and resilience.
These benefits may be realised where the ARG Quarra PTP-Smart switches are employed as the core switch components in an audio or media-over-IP network or as “edge” devices delivering the benefits of PTPv2 sync within an otherwise non-PTP enabled network.
Quarra PTP-Smart switches may be equally effective, especially in high capacity networks carrying the latest 4K/UHD/HDR media streams, when deployed in a separate sync, control and monitoring network to provide improved stability and resilience compared to an all-in-one network. This may also have the added benefit of avoiding the additional cost of deploying universal PTP capability within the main media network.
- Layer-2 IEEE 1588v2 : Precision Time Protocol (PTP) timing and synchronisation
- IEEE 802.1ad : Provider bridging (VLAN Q-in-Q) switch-8 MACs, 4K VLANs
- Per queue MEF E-LINE or per port MEF E-LAN, E-TREE Service Points-
- Per port per queue Dual Leaky Bucket Service Policers with PCP or DSCP remarking per Service port
- Static tagging options per Service Point
- OAM Hardware for generating CCM messages, CCM checking is done by software
-Software of OAM and protection switching
Quality of Service
- EPSand ERPS Protection Switching
- TCAM-based VLAN classification and translation with pattern matching against Layer-2 through Layer-4 information
- Up to 256 QoS and VLAN TCAM entries
- Eight QoS queues per port with strict or deficitweighted round-robin scheduling (DWRR)
- DSCP translation, both ingress and/or egress
- DSCP remarking based on QoS and VLAN TCAM entries
- VLAN (PCP,DEI and VID) translation, both ingress and egress
- Per-queue, per-port policing and shaping, programmable in steps of 100 kbps
- Per-flow policing through TCAM-based pattern matching. Up to 256 policers
- Full-duplex flow control (IEEE 802.3x) and half-duplex back pressure, symmetric and asymmetric
Layer –2 Switch
- Port mirroring
- Port-based access control
- IEEE 802.3ad : Link aggregation
- IEEE 802.1x : Network Access Control
- IEEE 802.1w : Rapid Spanning TreeProtocol
- IEEE 802.1s : Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol
- Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
- Independent and shared VLAN learning
- 256 VLAN egress tagging TCAM entries
- Link aggregation traffic distribution is programmable and based on Layer-2 through Layer-4 information
- Basic Switching – Forwarding, address learning and address aging
- VLAN IEEE 802.1Q (4,096 VLAN’s) – Push / pop / translate up to two VLAN tags; translation in ingress and /or egress
- 8,192 MAC addresses. IncludingGeneric Attribute Registration Protocol (GARP)
- Wire-speed hardware-based learning and CPU-based learning configurable per port
- 8K Layer-2 Multicast group addresses with 64 port masks
- 8K IPv4/IPv6 multicast groups
- Internet Group Management Protocol v2 & v3
- Multicast Listener Discovery (MLDv1)
- Multicast Listener Discovery (MLDv2) with source specific multicast forwarding